Mikrotik is the Latvian producer of network equipment. A company develops and sells a wire and off-wire network equipment, in particular routers, network switchboards (свитчи), access points, and also software - operating systems and auxiliary SOFTWARE. It was promoted company in 1995 with the purpose of sale of equipment on developing markets. One of products of MikroTik is RouterOS is the network operating system on a base Linux. RouterOS is intended for setting on the routers of Mikrotik RouterBoard. Also this system can be set on PC, converting him into a router with the functions of firewall, VPN- of server/of client, QoS, access points et al. The system also can serve as Captive- of portal on the basis of the system of off-wire access. The operating system has a few levels of licenses with the increasing number of functions. In addition, there is software under the name Winbox, that gives a graphic interface for tuning of RouterOS. Access to the devices under the management of RouterOS is possible also through FTP, Telnet, and SSH. Exists also API allowing to create the specialized applications for a management and monitoring.
Features RouterOS supports the great number of services and protocols that can be used by middle or large providers - such, as OSPF, BGP, VPLS/MPLS. RouterOS is the flexible enough system, and Mikrotik is very well supported, both within the framework of forum and grant of different Wiki- materials and the specialized examples of configurations. RouterOS provides support of practically all NIUS on the kernel of Linux. From off-wire chipsets decisions are supported on the basis of Atheros and Prism (on the state RouterOS of version 3.x). Mikrotik also works on modernisation of software, that will provide complete compatibility of devices and ON Mikrotik with collecting popularity network technologies, such as IPv6. RouterOS gives to the system administrator a graphic interface (WinBox) for the evident and rapid tuning of firewall, routing and management of QoS. Including, in the interface of WinBox functionality of Linux- of utilities of iptables is fully realized practically, iproute2, management by a traffic and QoS on the basis of algorithm of HTB.
RouterBOARD is an instrument room platform from MikroTik being a line of routers under the management of the operating system RouterOS. The different variants of RouterBOARD allow to decide on their basis the different variants of network tasks : from a simple off-wire access and guided switchboard point to the powerful router with a firewall and QoS. Practically all models of RouterBOARD of devices can feed by means of PoE and have a socket for connection of outsourcing of feed. The models intended for work with off-wire technologies have a slot (miniPCI) for connection of the radiomodules. Most models also have a socket for connection to COM- to port of PC. In budgetary models or depending on certain destiny of model one or another elements can be absent.